Course Architect: Rick Smith
Year Opened: 2000
Location: Verona, New York
Slope: 142. Rating: 74.1
Par: 72
Yardage: 7,129
Hole-by-Hole: 1 - Par 4 416 Yds    10 - Par 5 506 Yds
                      2 - Par 4 408 Yds    11 - Par 4 448 Yds
                      3 - Par 4 452 Yds    12 - Par 3 187 Yds
                      4 - Par 4 364 Yds    13 - Par 4 420 Yds
                      5 - Par 5 567 Yds    14 - Par 4 494 Yds
                      6 - Par 3 186 Yds    15 - Par 4 354 Yds
                      7 - Par 4 398 Yds    16 - Par 4 427 Yds
                      8 - Par 5 539 Yds    17 - Par 3 228 Yds
                      9 - Par 3 182 Yds    18 - Par 5 553 Yds
                      Par 36  3,512 Yds     Par 36  3,617 Yds

Awards Won: #64 Top 100 Courses You Can Play - Golf Magazine (2006-07),
            Rated 4 1/2 Stars - Best places to play - Golf Digest (2004-06),
            #19 Best-in-State Rankings (New York) - Golf Digest (2005),
            #3 Best State-by-State Public Courses (NY) - Golfweek (2004),
            Top 10 New Upscale Courses - Golf Digest (2001),
            Audubon International Certified Signature Sanctuary.

Key Events Held: PGA Professional National Championship (2006).


HISTORY:  The  first course  designed  at  Turning  Stone Resort  and  Casino,
Shenendoah  Golf  Club was  crafted by  Rick Smith.  The resort features three
championship  courses --  Atunyote, Kaluhyat  and Shenendoah  -- along  with a
nine-hole  course,  purchased in 1999 and  a par-three venue, also designed by
Smith.  Owned  and operated by  the Oneida  Indian Nation, the resort features
amazing  accommodations,  incredible  restaurants,  a  terrific  spa,  stellar
entertainment and of course a first-class casino.

Best  known as  a  world-class golf  instructor, teaching  the  likes of  Phil
Mickelson  and Lee Janzen, Smith has more than dabbled in course architecture.
With  several outstanding designs in his home state of Michigan to his credit,
such  as Signature  at Treetops Resort and Arcadia Bluffs, Smith was given the
task of creating a unique track capable of hosting a professional event.

Smith  was selected in part for his commitment to maintaining the integrity of
the  existing landscape.  He used  the natural  lay of  the land  to create  a
wooded, parkland setting, complete with forced carries, tall fescue, wetlands,
lakes,  streams  and tour  standard conditioning. In  all, the course features
somewhat generous and mounded fairways and large contoured greens.

In  2006, the  PGA  of America  staged its  annual  PGA Professional  National
Championship  at  Shenendoah and  Atunyote.  Shenendoah  played to  a  scoring
average of 70.53 and received high praise from the players. "Turning Stone has
two  really good  golf  courses  in Shenendoah  and  Atunyote.  They are  very
challenging  and pleasing to look at and the conditioning is as good as you'll
find   anywhere,"  commented   Mark  Tschetschot,   director  of   PGA  Member

Jeff  Coston  certainly enjoyed the  Shenendoah layout,  as he carded a course
record-tying,  seven-under-par 65 in the second round, including nine birdies.
After pars on his first four holes, Coston reeled off five consecutive birdies
en  route  to an  opening nine  of 31. Overall,  Coston finished  in a tie for
eighth, as he earned a trip to the PGA Championship at Medinah. He matched the
course  record of a trio of New Yorkers -- Mike Deuel of Endwell in 2003; Mike
Gilmore of Locust Valley (2004) and Craig Thomas of Oceanside (2004).

An  interesting  note during the  tournament: John  Traub of Michigan aced the
par-three ninth hole, his last of the day, to make the cut by two strokes.

The  stylish  clubhouse was  completed in  2002, resembling  a stone and cedar
Tudor  mansion.  Blending  perfectly  with  the  surroundings,  the  clubhouse
overlooks portions of the Shenendoah and Kaluhyat courses.

REVIEW:  The  course opens with a  sensational, uphill par four stretching 416
yards  from the black tees. Most venues start you off with a relatively simple
hole,  but  not Shenendoah,  as the  first is  the fifth  handicap hole on the
course.  Bending slightly to the left and flanked by trees on both sides, this
hole  requires a big tee shot down the right side of the fairway, avoiding the
bunker  on the left.  Did I forget to mention the 200-yard carry over wetlands
to get your juices flowing? A mid-iron will be needed to cross another spot of
wetlands  to  reach the undulating green  that slopes hard from left to right.
Two  deep traps guard  the putting surface, one in front and one deep, so take
enough club to get home.

It  doesn't get  much easier  on No.  2, another  rugged par  four that  plays
straightaway  to the green. Along the way you'll encounter sand left and right
of the fairway and deep native grasses from tee to green. The left side of the
landing area is the spot to be, thus setting up a short- to mid-iron to a very
long  putting  surface. The  two-tiered green  is bunkered  left and right, so
accuracy is key in making par.

If  you thought  the first two holes  were difficult, the third is the hardest
hole  on the  course. A  smart, 452-yard  dogleg left  around wetlands  to the
green,  this  hole is all about  the tee shot. Three bunkers are strategically
placed  near the landing  zone. One short, roughly 180 yards from the tee. One
left,  215 yards from the box and one down the right, some 230 yards away. The
fairway  is wide,  but missing the short  grass will result in bogey. A mid to
long  iron  is the club of  choice for your approach.  At all costs, do not go
left,  as  the hazard  and a  deep bunker await.  A closely-mown chipping area
right is the bailout option, so if all else fails, rely on your short game.

The  shortest par  four on the front  side, the fourth is a dandy, dogleg left
and  just 364 yards in length. With a tail wind, the big hitter can go for the
green,  but beware, the tee shot is all carry over wetlands and a 40-yard long
bunker.  The proper  play would be to  take three-metal or a hybrid out to the
right,  setting up a little wedge to a long, narrow green. The putting surface
is  very  undulating with a couple  of ridges, one  front and one deep and two
traps  on either  side. A great hole  to make birdie, but only with the proper
tee shot.

Another  shot at  birdie, the  fifth  is the  longest  hole on  the course,  a
whopping 567 yards from the tips. The fairway is gigantic, so take out the big
stick  and let it rip down the right side. This will set up a pair of options,
either  a blast to the green or the sensible play down the left. Going for the
green  is dangerous,  as several bunkers front the surface, not to mention the
deep  rough and trees down the entire right side. The left fairway with a long
iron  or  hybrid will leave  just a simple  pitch to a  green that can be had.
Birdie is definitely in the mix and, who knows, maybe eagle.

The  first par  three on  the course  is all  carry to  a green  surrounded by
wetlands.  A  mid-iron will be  needed to reach  the putting surface, which is
quite  long and slopes  from the middle to the front. A long bunker guards the
left  side of  the green, while thick  rough will capture any shot just right.
Long  and  slightly right  is certainly  better than left  and short. At least
you'll have a fighting chance to get up and down.

Three-metal is the play on the straightaway, par-four seventh. Not overly long
at  398  yards, wetlands and  a lake  run the gambit  down the left, so safety
first.  Just  a short iron should  be sufficient to attack the green. Although
the lake is left of the putting surface, there is plenty of room to the right.
Just one trap guards the green on the left, so bail right to the chipping area
if  you  must. The green is  undulating and, depending upon the pin placement,
provides a possible birdie chance.

One of the easier holes on the course, the eighth is a reachable par five. For
starters,  it's  only 539 yards  from the back  markers. The forced carry over
wetlands  is only  150  yards,  so don't  be  visually  intimidated. The  key,
however,  is the tee  ball, which must avoid the two fairway traps, one center
(235 yards out) and one right (280 yards away). Play down the left side of the
landing  area, leaving  yourself a fairway metal to the green. Two thoughts of
caution:  Wetlands down  the right run through the green, while trees left are
to  be missed.  If you're  laying  up, a  narrow fairway  towards the  putting
surface  awaits, so lay back appropriately. The green is heavily contoured and
runs  away from the  front, making a two-putt a real chore. Two decisive blows
can conquer this beaute.

Club  selection and pin placement will be the key ingredients on the par-three
ninth.  Similar  in length  to the sixth,  the final hole  on the outward nine
plays  over a lake to a decent sized green, which slopes from back to front. A
deep  bunker lays  in wait  on  the left,  especially with  a back-left  flag.
There's plenty of room short and right of the green, so err right if you must.

If there was ever a birdie hole, it's the par five 10th. Straight up the hill,
the only difficulty is keeping your tee ball in play. Two fairway bunkers, one
on  each side,  along with thick rough  are your obstacles. A fairway metal or
hybrid  will be able to get you home in two. A deep trap guards the right side
of  the green, so  bail out left if you must. The putting surface is small, at
just  28 paces  deep, but it's very  accessible. The green features a ridge in
the center running to the back. At just 506 yards, this hole can be had.

Also  playing uphill, the 448-yard 11th is just the opposite of 10, as this is
a  hole of survival. A well-placed tee shot will leave a mid-to-long iron to a
fairly  blind  green, so accuracy  and length is a  must. The fairway is quite
wide  and avoiding the  bunker down the left is key to have any chance at par.
The  putting surface  is fairly benign, with  just one trap, short and left to
stand  guard. Worse-case scenario, play to the right and chip it close to save

Another  par  three over water,  the 12th requires just  a mid-iron to a green
well-guarded  by sand. The  lake short of the green should not come into play,
unless  you lay some sod off the tee, as it stands 20 paces before the putting
surface.  Two bunkers, one left and one right, protect the green, but the real
difficulty  could the  surface itself.  Quite long  and sloping  from back  to
front,  a ridge  separates the slope, so if  the pin is back left and the wind
has  freshened, then you  might need an extra club or two. Below the hole will
take out all of the guess work.

A  solid, dogleg left  par four, the 13th is the first of back-to-back, links-
style holes, devoid of trees, but complete with thick native grasses and sand.
With  a blast down  the left side of the fairway, you'll set up the best angle
to  the  green, as most  shots will  kick towards the  right. The object is to
avoid  the mounding and  bunkering on the left, not to mention the trap on the
right,  some  277 yards  away. A  mid-iron will remain  into a very undulating
green,  complete  with three tiers, sloping  from back to front. One deep trap
guards  the  left, while thick  rough surrounds  the putting surface. Never be
disappointed with par.

Without  a  doubt, the 14th is  the most strenuous  hole on the inward nine. A
rugged  494 yards from the tips, this massive par four winds like a snake from
tee  to  green. A  series of  traps guard the  left side  of the landing area,
requiring  a shot of  225 yards to clear. The fairway is narrow down the right
with  thick  rough to  catch  the  slightest of  offline  shots.  Even with  a
successful  tee shot, you're still left with a long iron or fairway metal. The
one saving grace is that the putting surface is bowl-shaped and plays slightly
downhill.  The  green slopes  from back to  center, so stay  below the hole or
right, where a chipping area lies in waiting. Left is sand and thick fescue --
or as I like to call it, bogey country.

The  15th might be the easiest hole on the scorecard, but it requires pinpoint
accuracy  on  both shots. Just 354  yards, this uphill, dogleg left features a
wide  landing area, so three-metal should be the play to avoid the sand at the
corner of the fairway. By the way, the left side of the hole from tee to green
is  a lateral  hazard. Just  a  wedge approach  should remain  to an  elevated
putting  surface that's  37 yards  long. The  green slopes  hard from  back to
front,  with sand  fronting and  deep,  so make  sure you  judge the  distance
correctly.  A front flag could result in birdie, but a back-left pin makes par
a good score.

The  final  three holes  at Shenendoah  are among the  finest trios at Turning
Stone. Starting off with the par-four 16th, this slight dogleg left suggests a
draw  down the  left side over a  pair of crossing bunkers at the beginning of
the  fairway. At  all costs,  avoid the  fairway bunker  on the  left, not  to
mention  the wetlands/hazard that runs through the green. The farther down the
fairway  you go, the  narrower it becomes, so if you need to layup, take extra
care.  Another 30-yard plus  green awaits a mid-iron, with only sand left as a
detractor. Not really a birdie hole, so make your par and get ready for 17.

The  longest  par three on  the course,  this gem is  228 yards from the tips,
playing  slightly  downhill. With native  grasses blowing  in the wind and the
Resort tower in the background, this hole is quite the sight. Fairway metal or
hybrid  is  most likely  the play  here to one  of the  smallest greens on the
course.  Sand well  short of the green  should not come into play, however the
well-contoured putting surface is not that easy to hit. A Y-shaped ridge rides
the middle of the green, making two-putting a real chore. Short-right and left
should enable you to get up-and-down for par.

It's possible to get home in two on the final hole, but it makes more sense to
layup  to a  reasonable number to set up your birdie attempt. This sensational
par  five bends from  right to left and crosses native grasses and wetlands en
route  to  the green. Playing out  to the right,  your tee shot must carry 180
yards  over wetlands and sand to reach the very generous, but sloping fairway.
Your second shot will carry over 40 yards of hazard to another wide section of
fairway. A pair of bunkers stand as a perfect target on either at the entrance
to  the fairway. Two  words of caution as you approach the green: One, a deep,
10-yard  bunker sits  in  anticipation  at the  110-yard  marker,  and two,  a
treacherous,  grass hollow  sits below  the green  to the  right. The  putting
surface  is  quite  undulating,  with  four  distinct  sections.  Short-siding
yourself on this hole could prove costly.

FINAL  WORD:  If someone put a  gun to my head  and made me pick between these
three  courses  at Turning Stone  Resort & Casino, I'd  be six feet under. All
three are quite memorable in their own way, especially Shenendoah Golf Club.

The superb conditioning, challenging layout, aesthetically appealing sites and
quality staff will make your experience at Shenendoah an enduring one.

The  course features  generous fairways  with fairly  large greens,  beautiful
wetlands, thick wooded areas, colorful fescue grasses, extraordinary bunkering
and beautiful vistas.

The carts are complete with state-of-the-art GPS systems, which will even keep
your  score.  Sorry, eraser  not  included.  The  clubhouse, shared  with  the
Kaluhyat  course,  is elegant  and charming  and the  hospitality is second to

There  are  plenty of packages  to choose  from, which is  the best way to go,
since  the resort  has so  much  to offer  in regards  to accommodations,  spa
treatments, entertainment, full-service casino and amazing culinary options.

The  bottom line is that Shenendoah Golf Club is a royal straight flush. So it
comes as no surprise that it was ranked 64th in Golf Magazine's latest Top 100
Courses You Can Play.

Ron  Philo Jr.,  who captured the 2006 PGA Professional National Championship,
sang praises of Turning Stone: "These are as good of conditions as I've played
anywhere." Runner-up Alan Schulte, who lost in a playoff to Philo, was equally
impressed:  "They're  terrific golf  courses  that  are in  immaculate  shape.
They've done a terrific job and they've welcomed us, and we appreciate it."

Turning  Stone Resort &  Casino is a major golfing destination and if you love
golf  and  a challenge, this  should be your next  stop. Bring the troops, you
won't be disappointed.