Course Architect: Nicklaus Design (Michael Nicklaus - lead designer)
Year Opened: July 1, 2010
Location: Downingtown, Pennsylvania
Slope: 131. Rating: 74.0
Par: 72
Yardage: 7,011
Hole-by-Hole: 1 - Par 4 376 Yds    10 - Par 4 360 Yds
                      2 - Par 4 380 Yds    11 - Par 3 157 Yds
                      3 - Par 3 233 Yds    12 - Par 5 596 Yds
                      4 - Par 4 311 Yds    13 - Par 4 435 Yds
                      5 - Par 4 469 Yds    14 - Par 3 226 Yds
                      6 - Par 3 210 Yds    15 - Par 5 532 Yds
                      7 - Par 4 366 Yds    16 - Par 4 436 Yds
                      8 - Par 4 433 Yds    17 - Par 4 445 Yds
                      9 - Par 5 512 Yds    18 - Par 5 534 Yds
                      Par 35  3,290 Yds     Par 37  3,721 Yds


HISTORY: It's hard to believe that one of the leading golf design firms in the
world, Jack Nicklaus Design, had not penned a course in the Philadelphia
region. That is, until now.

The Golden Bear's design team, led by youngest son Michael, has crafted a
venue just west of the city of Brotherly Love in Downingtown ... Applecross
Country Club.

Surprisingly, Nicklaus Design had built only two courses prior to Applecross
in Pennsylvania, Great Bear Golf & Country Club in the Poconos and The Club at
Nevillewood in Western Pennsylvania near Pittsburgh.

Applecross, penned as "Philadelphia's only Nicklaus Design," is the first new
course to open in the region in over five years. In fact, it took four years
just to build the layout and almost another 10 to create the development. When
all is said and done, the entire community is expected to be completed by

Most scribes and those in the know are aware of Jack's wonderful U.S. designs,
Muirfield Village, Shoal Creek, Castle Pines and Harbour Town (with Pete Dye)
to name a few, but it was his 37-year-old son Michael, who got the nod for
Applecross. "Being part of Nicklaus design, I was part of a rotation with my
brothers, so it was my turn in the rotation for Applecross," said Nicklaus.

"Being the youngest has its advantages," continued Nicklaus, who has been
involved with design projects from North Carolina to Southern Spain to Japan.
"I have been able to take what my dad and brothers have taught me about their
individual design styles and blend them with my own. They've shared their
philosophies and strategies for taking undeveloped land and creating works of
art that are not only enjoyable to play, but are aesthetically pleasing. This
is a challenge that I have embraced. I hope people will see that manifested at

Recent economic times, among other factors, certainly put a damper on the
immediacy of the project, but Nicklaus and company were patient, prudent and
persistent. Hey, with the kind of money bandied about these days, you have to
be. "We did a routing early on and I think it took them 4-5 years to get to
the point where we were actually going to build a golf course. They had water
commission and management issues and permit after permit that had to be in
place before we did anything."

The price tag 10 years ago was $45 million. Not bad, considering the property
encompasses over 700 acres of rolling farmland, natural wetlands, creeks and
thick wooded areas. "We were extremely excited about the property because of
the nice rolling hills," Nicklaus continued. "It was a real good piece of
property for a golf course."

Nicklaus' design beliefs are similar to that of the Golden Bear. "My dad's
golf course philosophy influenced me a lot. His designs are to be played by
all levels of golf. When he was younger, he may have designed courses more for
the pro. He is designing courses now that are designed for everybody and that
is what I tried to do at Applecross. We do that with five sets of tees, but
also different course carries. Trying to work with the land, instead of
against it."

Nicklaus made several visits to the site, but it was design associate Dave
Heatwole, who put it to paper. "Dave pretty much does all the actual
architectural drawing," Nicklaus added. "I am more involved with strategy,
placement and overall playability. Dave would take that and translate it to
paper and then he would have a construction person translate that to dirt.
It's quite a process to get it to look like you want it to."

Located on what was Overlook Road Farm, Applecross roams through East
Brandywine Township, where a residential golf community, when complete, will
feature over 1,000 homes and villas. Not to mention, Applecross Country Club.

HOLE-BY-HOLE REVIEW: Just 376 yards in length off the back tees, the opening
hole can be as simple as you want it to be. A sharp dogleg to the right, the
first can be had if you're bold off the tee. The landing area is quite wide
with just one bunker guarding the corner of the bend, so if you're
conservative, you'll have an uphill approach of about 150 yards to the green.
If you decide to take a risk, then cut the corner of the dogleg and a mere
pitch remains. A word of caution, as tall native grasses cover the entire
right side of the hole, so any mishit tee shot is a double-bogey waiting to
happen. The putting surface slopes away to the right with a large bunker
guarding the left.

The second of four par-four holes on the front side under 400 yards, is quite
deceiving, as it swings to the left and plays uphill toward the green. A big
sweeping draw around the corner will set up a medium to short iron to the
promised land. If you're bold enough, play a power-fade off the tee, cutting
the corner of the dogleg, flirting with the native-grassed out-of-bounds, and
you'll have a simple wedge in. The green slopes hard from back to front, so
stay below the hole for your best shot at birdie. Framed beautifully with a
fence down the left and bunkers down the right, No. 2 is the first of many
signature holes.

Downhill from the tee, the third can be stretched to a whopping 233 yards from
the back markers, but will play significantly shorter. With tall, majestic
trees as a backdrop, a long iron should suffice, but it's the putting surface
that can create havoc. Sloping from front to back, the green is guarded in
front by a massive bunker and the trap in the rear will gather plenty of
attention, as balls tend to roll long. The green is quite wide, so missing on
the wrong side, will bring three-putt, or heaven forbid, four-putt into play.

Birdie is a distinct possibility at the fourth, a short par four of just 311
yards. Pound a drive down the right side, away from the trees and over a ridge
and you'll be left with a little pitch to a long, but narrow putting surface.
Sand left by the green and the pot bunker right, should not come into play,
unless, of course, you're a touring professional. Hey, if the author can birdie
this, anyone can.

In stark contrast to the opening four holes, the fifth is a bear, no pun
intended. Ranked as the No. 1 handicap hole, it also is the longest par four
on the course at 469 yards. Your opening tee shot must clear a stream to a
split-fairway, as it bends toward the right. Playing left to the fat part of
the landing area will leave quite a long second to another long and narrow
green. Cut off as much as you can off the tee, but be careful, as the wetlands
down the right will come into play. A medium to long iron will be your course
of action. Play toward the left side of the green, as most shots will feed
toward the center of the green - not to mention, you'll be avoiding the large
bunker to the right. Par is a great score here.

The sixth is a straight-forward, uphill par three. The scorecard says 210
yards from the black markers. The range finder says, break out your hybrid or
3-metal, otherwise, you'll come up empty, as this hole can be stretched over
225 yards. A false front deceives the player, not to mention the long putting
surface, that's blind to the eye off the tee. The sand short of the green
shouldn't come into play, but a mishit from the start, could doom the card.

Target golf is all about the seventh. A relatively easy par four of just 366
yards, you'll need to be at your accurate-best to tame this two-shotter.
Wetlands to the left, mounding and rough right and half-a-dozen bunkers
through the fairway to avoid. Simple enough, right? Three metal off the tee
might be the prudent play to the straightaway fairway. Your approach to the
dogleg right will be uphill, but with a very short club to a two-tiered green
that's angled to the left. A back-left pin will be extremely difficult to
attack, but when the pin is low and right, go for it. The seventh was one of
the holes that had to be adjusted. "We had property lines set up and there was
some corridors that we had set up and they had encroached upon, causing us to
change some of the holes, and seven in particular was one of the holes we had
to change," Nicklaus continued. "I think seven turned out to be a nice hole,
in fact, I actually really like seven."

As John Daly once said, "Grip it and rip it" is certainly the philosophy of
the eighth. A medium lengthened, downhill hole that swings hard to the left,
this par four, features a wide landing area, with just one bunker down the
left to avoid. From the fairway, it's just a short iron to a well-guarded,
tiered green that runs right to left. Two deep bunkers protect the right
corner of the surface and certainly come into play with the pin back-right.
Any approach that carries too long will run off the green into a collection
area. It's no wonder this is rated as the third-most difficult hole on the

Most golf course architects hate the phrase "signature hole," but the closing
hole on the outward nine can certainly earn that moniker. A sweeping, downhill
roller-coaster of a hole, the ninth features all the elements. If you can
sling your tee shot from right to left, around and through the quartet of
traps down both sides, you'll have a chance of getting home in two. That
however, is where the fun starts. You see, from 100 yards in, the entire right
side is flanked by a pond that you must cover if you want to reach in two. The
smart play is to lay up down the left side with your second shot, thus leaving
a mere sand wedge to a long and narrow green. Sand short and right of the
putting surface will make your life difficult, so avoid at all costs. This
hole can be had, if the play is right.

Originally the shortest par four on the course, a new tee has been added to
now stretch the 10th to 360 yards. Playing from the practice putting green,
your tee shot is one of the most difficult at Applecross. What's in store? You
start out with your tee ball that must be fashioned through a chute of trees
to a minuscule fairway. Both sides of the narrow fairway are flanked with
woods and wetlands, so target play is at its highest. From the fairway, a
medium iron should remain to a green guarded by a trio of traps. The devilish
pot bunker on the right of the green is precariously close to the wetlands on
the right. It's time to re-rate the handicap of this hole.

Although not a gimme birdie by any stretch, the 11th is rated as the easiest
on the course. Just 157 yards long, it requires just a short iron to a Redan-
styled green. Three traps surround the undulating putting surface. A back-
right pin will get you every time, so play toward the center, and if you
happen to make a putt, so be it. Otherwise, take par and move on, as a par
five awaits.

If you thought the ninth was a signature hole, well, No. 12 is no slouch,
either. Certainly the longest hole on the course at 596 yards, the 12th is a
wonderful and challenging par five that has the appearance of a three-shotter,
but can be reached in two. Doglegging hard to the left, your tee shot must
travel down that side, slightly uphill and over water and sand to an ample
landing area. If enough of the dogleg is cut off, then you get the green light
to go for it. It's a tall task, but worth the risk, as it's mostly downhill
toward the green. Just short of the putting surface is a deep valley which
sits 40 yards shy, so from this point, it's back up to the green. Sand right
and left and one rear of the shallow putting surface receives plenty of
attention, so put your foot on the pedal.

Another risk-reward hole is the sharp, dogleg right par-four 13th. One of five
400-yard-plus par fours at Applecross, lucky 13 (or unlucky depending upon
your score) is a great option test. Do you cut off the corner of the dogleg,
risking the possibility of ending up on sand or, worse, wetlands, or do you
play out to the left to the fat portion of the fairway? Decisions, decisions.
First of all, you're on an elevated tee, so the answer is, go, go, go. As long
as you don't push your shot too far right, the worst-case scenario is 150
yards in. From there, it's just a short iron to a sloping green that falls
away to the right. Sand, wetlands and woods guard the right of the putting
surface, so play toward the left and middle of the green and your ball should
feed in nicely.

Rated as one of the easiest holes on the course, the 14th is anything but. One
of three par three's over 200 yards long, this one-shotter plays quite
difficult. First off, from the back tees it requires at the very least a long
iron and more often than that, a fairway metal. It's a long carry over
wetlands and a stream just to reach the promised land, and the putting surface
is long and narrow. There is very little in terms of bailout area, as the
right side is guarded by sand and the left is thick rough. If you escape with
a three here, consider yourself fortunate.

Only 532 yards long on the scorecard, the 15th seems to be a pushover. Hardly.
Playing uphill from the tee and usually into the wind, you'll be hard-pressed
to get home in two or have a simple pitch to the green. What makes this par
five difficult is the layup play. The tee shot should be academic, as the
fairway is fairly wide with just one bunker down the right. Here's where it
gets tricky, as bunkers cross the fairway around the 100-yard mark. The
decision is to lay up short of the sand, leaving a longer approach, or attack
and try to clear the trouble, giving yourself a really good shot at birdie.
Although no sand guards the green, the putting surface is minuscule and sloped
on all sides. Decisions, decisions, decisions.

From an elevated tee box, the 16th is a medium-length par four reaching 436
yards. Trouble looms in a big way down the left side in the form of bunkers,
so play down the right of this rolling fairway that slopes to the right. This
is the favorable side, as a successful tee ball with give you the best angle
to carry the wetlands toward the green and bypass the trees on either side.
The pear-shaped putting surface breaks from right to left and plays slightly
uphill, so try to stay below the hole. Any shot long or left with make for a
difficult up-and-down.

The 17th is one of the longest par fours on the course, reaching 445 yards,
but it plays slightly shorter, as it's downhill from an elevated tee box.
There are no fairway traps to contend with, but trees down the right are to be
avoided, as well as the rough left. As is the case with most courses, hit it
straight and you're safe. A medium to long iron will remain to a two-tiered
green that slopes to the front. Miss short and right and you'll be bunkered.
Missing long and left is the bailout side, although it won't be easy to make
par, as a large collection area awaits. Be wary of a back-left pin, as this is
no place for heroes.

Heading for home, the closing hole is a go-for-broke par five of 534 yards
from the black markers. It's one of those holes that you can realistically get
home in two, even for us average hitters. The fairway is quite ample, features
a downhill slope and generally plays downwind. The one caveat: avoid the
bunker down the left side. Seems simple enough. Next you'll have a decision to
make, just like you did on the 15th. No fairway bunkers to mess with, but with
a good tee shot, you'll have a shot at reaching the green. As you get closer
to the putting surface, the fairway tightens and the three bunkers left and
right of the green really come into play. So your choice is, blast a long iron
or fairway metal and let the chips fall where they may, or take your seven-
iron lay up and leave a short, uphill pitch to the green. Either way, you
should have a realistic birdie chance. It's always nice to finish on a
positive note.

OVERALL: Barely over a year old, the course fits the land like it's been there
for years. Sure Applecross Country Club needs to grow in, but in a very short
period of time the course has matured beautifully. "Usually, you want it to
look like it was there," Nicklaus added. "You also want it to play like a golf
course is supposed to play. For a year-old golf course, it's in great shape."

As mentioned before, no designer wants to put labels on certain holes as his
favorite or "Signature Hole," but Applecross has several. Everyone knows the
17th at TPC Sawgrass is its most-talked-about hole or that the "Church Pews"
at Oakmont are revered by all. At Applecross, there are many favorites, like
the second, seventh, ninth or 12th and 13th. The holes will keep you guessing,
not to mention test your golf game.

That might be an understatement. "I think the course finishes pretty well,"
continued Nicklaus. "It's not easy on the front side, but there are places
where you can score. Then, I think it's gets a little teeth coming in. Twelve,
all the way around, is a pretty good test of golf. Eighteen is a very
birdieable par five and that's good. When you're out there playing with
somebody and there's something on the line, whether it's pride or a dollar or
whatever it might be, that give and take of holes is what makes it fun."

Moving on, the amenities at Applecross will blow you a way.

A professional-styled practice facility, complete with putting and chipping
areas, indoor and outdoor pool areas, state-of-the-art fitness center, tennis
and even access to its sister-course, Talamore Country Club in nearby Ambler,
Penn., and the "Piece de resistance," playing privileges at Talamore Golf
Resort in Pinehurst, N.C., which features 36 holes of golf by Arnold Palmer
and Rees Jones.

Back to basics, however, the course features water and wetlands on 14 of the
18 holes, as it rolls through Southeastern Pennsylvania countryside. Sets of
tees that range from just over 5,000 yards to a little over 7,000 yards, so
playability for all levels is achieved.

"I like to trick people up a little bit with some of the visuals, as far as
where the bunkers hang back a little more than right by the green. Having said
that, I don't like to trick people into shooting a bad score. I want the golf
course to challenge them, but if you hit a good golf shot, you should get your
reward. The risk-reward aspect of my dad's design philosophy is probably one
of the biggest parts that I relate to. Most of what I do has a risk-reward
aspect and that's important."

Applecross wasn't the easiest design to finish, as there were obstacles along
the way, such as the environmental issues on the 10th hole, but, when all was
said and done, the finished product came up roses. "One of the things I enjoy
most about it (course design) is coming out, this one in particular, because I
did see it when it was totally raw farmland and we turned it into a golf
course that people are enjoying."

Having your name on the bill, certainly puts added pressure on your ability,
but Nicklaus was equal to the task. "Yes, I'm happy with it. When you go to a
place and the current members are excited about the golf course that they like
to play day in and day out and it's not something they are bored with, then
you've done a good job."

No, it's not a Jack Nicklaus design, it's Mike Nicklaus and the "Apple"
certainly didn't fall far from the tree.