Course Architects: Devereaux Emmet (1924), Donald Ross (1930),
                           Robert Trent Jones, Sr. (1959-64), Rees Jones (1990s, 2006)
Year Opened: 1924
Location: Bethesda, Maryland
Slope: 142. Rating: 75.4
Par: 72
Yardage: 7,278
Hole-by-Hole: 1 - Par 4 402 Yds    10 - Par 3 218 Yds
                      2 - Par 3 211 Yds    11 - Par 5 507 Yds
                      3 - Par 4 455 Yds    12 - Par 4 415 Yds
                      4 - Par 4 427 Yds    13 - Par 3 187 Yds
                      5 - Par 4 407 Yds    14 - Par 4 454 Yds
                      6 - Par 5 544 Yds    15 - Par 4 439 Yds
                      7 - Par 3 174 Yds    16 - Par 5 579 Yds
                      8 - Par 4 354 Yds    17 - Par 4 437 Yds
                      9 - Par 5 602 Yds    18 - Par 4 466 Yds
                      Par 36  3,576 Yds     Par 36  3,702 Yds

Awards Won: Ranked #1 by Golf Digest - Best in State (Maryland) (2005-08),
            #30 by Golf Connoisseur - 100 Most Prestigious Private Clubs,
            Ranked #70 by Golfweek - America's Top 100 Classic Courses (2008),
            #86 by Golf Digest - America's 100 Greatest Courses (2007-08).

Key Events Held: U.S. Junior Amateur (1949),
                 U.S. Women's Amateur (1959),
                 U.S. Open (1964, 1997, 2011),
                 U.S. Senior Open (1995),
                 PGA Championship (1976),
                 Kemper Open (1980-86),
                 Booz Allen Classic (2005),
                 AT&T National (2007-09),
                 Quicken Loans National (2016, 2018, 2020).


HISTORY: When one talks about the history of a golf course, all you have to do
is look at what championships have been staged at the venue to know where it
ranks among the greats. That certainly is the case with Congressional Country
Club's Blue Course. From the U.S. and Senior Opens and PGA Championship, along
with PGA Tour stops, Congressional is as storied a venue as it gets. The list
of past winners at Congressional reads like a who's who, with  such notable
victors as: Gay Brewer, Ken Venturi, Dave Stockton, Craig Stadler, Fred
Couples, Greg Norman, Tom Weiskopf and Ernie Els.

Founded in 1924, Congressional was first laid out by Devereaux Emmet, who
also crafted some notable venues; St. Georges Golf and Country Club, Garden
City Golf Club, Leatherstocking Country Club and Meadow Brook Club. With most
of his work done in the state of New York, Emmet's work at Congressional, nine
holes each of the Blue and Gold, was his only design in the state of Maryland.
Six years later, the one and only Donald Ross was brought in for a revision of
the course. Congressional Country Club was the centerpiece for one of the
world's most famous regions, Washington D.C.

Congressmen Oscar E. Bland and O.R. Luhring of Indiana helped found the venue
with Herbert Hoover as the Club's first president. Their intention was a club
designed for members of Congress to socialize with the most influential
businessmen of our time. The list included such luminaries as John D.
Rockefeller, the DuPonts, William Randolph Hurst, Harvey S. Firestone  and
Walter Chrysler to name a few. Congressional is synonymous with the Presidents
of the United States. Former Commanders-in-Chief who  were lifetime members
were Calvin Coolidge, Howard Taft, Hoover, Woodrow Wilson and Warren Harding.
President Dwight Eisenhower and his Cabinet frequented the lush fairways on
many occasions, as did recent leaders George Bush and Bill Clinton.

Robert Trent Jones, Sr was brought to Congressional in 1959 to redesign the
course in time for the U.S. Women's  Amateur and the 1964 U.S. Open, while
his son Rees, who took over as the "Open Doctor" from his father, came aboard
in the early 1990s for the last major renovation work for the 1995 U.S. Senior
Open and the 1997 U.S. Open. Jones rebuilt every green and bunker, re-graded
many fairways and added considerable mounding. He returned to Congressional in
2006 to design a new par three to replace the original 18th, which played back
to the clubhouse. The new hole is now the 10th and plays away from the main
building, stretching as much as 218 yards. "I think what they've done to this
golf course is they have made it better," commented Tiger Woods. "They have
made it more fair, but they have also made it more challenging."

In just the second year of the tournament, the USGA brought the U.S. Junior
Amateur to Congressional, as former Masters champion Brewer defeated Mason
Rudolph, 6 & 4 in the championship match. The 1959 U.S. Women's Amateur saw
Barbara McIntire capture the first of her two championships, as she defeated
Joanne Goodwin, 4  & 3.

The  best was yet to come,  as  the 1964 U.S. Open  was awarded to
Congressional. With temperatures approaching  100, Tommy Jacobs played the
first two days in four-under par and led  Arnold  Palmer by one  with Sunday's
final  36 holes remaining. Six shots back  was  Venturi, who after  losing to
Palmer  at the 1960 Masters, suffered through  numerous injuries  and by  1964
was  hardly noticed.  That would  all change  on Sunday. Despite the heat and
humidity, Venturi opened with a front- nine 30  to take  the lead.  After
adding  another birdie  on 12, the weather conditions began to take its toll
on Venturi, as he missed a pair of short par putts  on the final two holes of
the third round for a 66. Jacobs fashioned an even-par  70 to  lead by two
heading into the afternoon's final round. Visibly drained, Venturi was given
salt tablets and tea and was advised by a doctor, a Congressional  member, to
withdraw from the event. The former CBS commentator played  steady  golf,
making 14  pars, two birdies and  two bogeys for a final score of 70, a 278
total and a four-stroke win over Jacobs, who collapsed down the  stretch with
a 76. Venturi's final  54-hole total of 206 set a record at the time and his
last 36 of 136 tied the record. In the press room afterwards, Venturi  was
asked what  he thought of  Congressional and without hesitation, "Best  course
I ever won the Open on." Interestingly enough, due to additional television
revenues and the enormous physical circumstances Venturi withstood, the  USGA
opted in  1965 to play the Open over four days, ending the final day marathon
that the last  day of the Open had become. Palmer, who played in the final
group with Jacobs,  shot 74 and tied for fifth. Venturi would later add two
more wins  in 1964 and was voted  PGA Tour player of the year.

The PGA of America  made its only stop at Congressional in 1976 for the PGA
Championship. Tom  Weiskopf opened with  a tournament-low 65 to take the lead,
but could not continue  his fine  play, closing with 74-73-72 to tie for
eighth. Trailing by eight  shots at the halfway point, Dave Stockton roared
into contention with a 69  to trail Charles  Coody by only four. With the
final round being played on Monday  for the  first time in history  due to
rain, Stockton shot an even-par round  of  70 for a one-shot  win over Ray
Floyd, who played with Venturi for those  final 36  holes during the 1964
Open, and Don January. Standing on the final tee (17th hole was the final hole
for the PGA, 1964 Open and 1995 Senior Open),  Stockton needed  to make par to
avoid a playoff. The 14-time Champions Tour  and 10-time  PGA Tour winner
calmly  knocked in his 15-foot putt for par for  his second  PGA  Championship
title. Stockton's  total  of one-over  281 matched  the  highest winning total
at the time. Congressional certainly came out  on top, as  the four-day
average was 74.44 and the halfway cut came in at nine-over  par.

The PGA Tour's regular stop in the area, the Kemper Open, made Congressional
its home,  as the course hosted the event from 1980-86. Playing as  a par 72,
Craig Stadler became the first back-to-back winner of the event, as  he titled
in 1981-82 after finishing second to John Mahaffey in 1980. Fred Couples  won
a  five-way playoff in 1983  for his first career PGA Tour title. Norman won
his first Tour title in 1984, as he cruised to a five-shot win over Mark
O'Meara  at Congressional. Norman added  his second Kemper Open title in 1986,
when  he knocked  off Larry Mize  in a playoff.  Mize, of course, would return
the  favor  the  next  year  at The  Masters.

The  USGA  returned  to Congressional  in 1995  for the Senior Open. Perennial
runner-up Tom Weiskopf, who  never won a  USGA event before, became only the
second Senior Open winner to  post all  four rounds  in  the 60s,  as  he
defeated  longtime rival  Jack Nicklaus  by  four shots. Weiskopf, who
finished second at the 1976 U.S. Open and  was  runner-up at  four Masters,
missed  only 16 greens  all week and his final  round of 68  ranks as one of
the best final rounds by a champion in the history  of the  Senior Open.

It took  33 years, but the U.S. Open returned to Congressional  for the 1997
edition. Colin Montgomerie opened with 65 and held a  one-shot  lead over Hal
Sutton,  as he hit 13  of 14 fairways and 16 greens in  regulation. Monty
would struggle in day two, shooting 76 while Tom Lehman carded  70  to take
the lead,  just one clear  of 1994 champion Ernie Els, who fashioned  a 67.
Day three  was a  mixed bag,  as 21  players were  forced to complete  their
third  round on  Sunday, including  Els, who  at the  time was struggling  at
two-over par through 13. Els came out of the box smoking, as he rolled  in a
12-foot par save on 14 and then birdied holes 15 through 17 for a 69. Lehman,
who was playing in the final group for the third consecutive year, led  Els
and  Jeff Maggert by two.

Despite a shaky start, Lehman was tied for the lead with Maggert after six
holes, with Els and Montgomerie just one back. Playing holes  7-12 in three-
under,  Els took a  one-shot lead over the trio, but fell back  into a tie
with a  bogey at 13. Maggert fell out of contention with bogeys on 13  and 16
and a double on 17. Montgomerie was the next player to fall  back. After
making bogey  on 17 the three previous days, Montgomerie was faced  with a
five-foot  putt for par. He  waited several minutes for the group  of Jay Haas
and Tommy Tolles to putt out on the nearby 18th green, and Montgomerie missed
his putt and then two-putted from 40-feet on the last for a 69  and a second-
place finish. After a solid tee shot on 17, Els, playing with Montgomerie,
hit  his five-iron approach on  the green and two-putted for par and  then
made par on the  last for a 69.

Sitting in the fairway at the 17th hole,  Lehman decided  to hit seven-iron
from  190 yards out, as he trailed by one. After striking his shot, Lehman
knew his chances were sunk as he splashed his  approach  into the water.
Despite getting up  and down for bogey, Lehman could only par the last for a
73 and a third-place finish. The win by Els made him  the first non-American
to capture two U.S. Open titles since 1910 and the youngest  two-time champion
at  the age of 27 since Jack Nicklaus in 1967. The key  to victory was  the
South African's play over the final five holes, as he played  them the last
two days at three-under par. Lehman played them at even- par, Montgomerie  at
one-over  and Maggert five-over.  Nicklaus, who tied for 52nd,  played in his
41st consecutive Open, 142nd straight major and his 150th major  championship.
The  10th hole  during the  third round  also marked  his 10,000th  hole
played in  his  major  championship  career. At  7,213  yards, Congressional
was the longest course in U.S. Open history at the time and was 160  yards
longer than the 1964 Open.

The field also included Tiger Woods, who was  competing  at the U.S.  Open for
the first  time as a professional. Woods broke 72 only once (second round 67)
and finished tied for 19th. Congressional once  again was  the winner, as the
average score for the week was 73.65 with 403 rounds over par.

After hosting the Booz Allen Classic in 2005, won by Spaniard Sergio Garcia,
Congressional became the site of the PGA Tour's newest event, the AT&T
National, hosted by Tiger Woods.

The first staging of the event was in 2007, as K.J. Choi held off the
tournament host and the Tour's best, as he recorded a three-shot win over
Steve Stricker. Choi opened with 66 and was tied for the lead with four other
players. A second-round 67 moved Choi atop the leaderboard with Stuart
Appleby. The talented Australian moved in front with his third straight round
in the 60s to lead Choi by two shots. Appleby struggled right from the start
on the final day, with a double-bogey on two and four straight bogeys from the
fourth to fall out of contention. Tied with Choi after 14 holes, Stricker
bogeyed the 15th, while Choi, playing in the final group, birdied from 12 feet
to take a two-shot lead. Stricker had birdie chances on the final two holes,
but missed and after a Choi hole out from the bunker on 17 for birdie, the
tournament was his. After an opening round of 73, Woods rebounded with
66-69-70 to tie for sixth.

REVIEW:  From an elevated tee, the first hole is a straightaway par four, just
over  400 yards from  the blue tees. Bunkers dot the right side of the landing
area  with  one solo trap  on the left.  A mid to  short-iron will remain to a
fairly  flat green  with three  traps, right,  left-front and back-right. The
putting  surface is one  of the smallest on the course at 28 yards deep with a
back-left  pin placement the most difficult. Rumor has it that during the 1964
U.S.  Open, Chi Chi Rodriguez drove in the rough and asked the starter, "Can I
have  a  mulligan?"

The  first demanding  hole on the  course is the par-three second.  Stretching
as much as  235 yards, this hole  plays uphill to a slick green  guarded by
six strategically placed bunkers. The putting surface slopes severely  from
back-left to front-right with  a ridge in the center. Whatever you do, avoid
long and left, as getting up and down will certainly be a chore.

Your next test at Congressional comes in the way of the third. Bending ever so
slightly  to the  left, this par four plays downhill to the fairway and uphill
to  the  green. Three  fairway traps  with high lips  protect the right side,
while  thick rough flanks the left. The undulating green has a large and small
trap  to the  left and a pair of  pot bunkers on the right. The second deepest
green  on the course slopes from back to front and is quite intimidating. Stay
below  the hole,  or else!  Charles  Coody, who  led  the PGA  with one  round
remaining, fell out of the lead on this hole as he made double-bogey.

A dogleg to  the right,  the  fourth  is another  outstanding  hole  that
features  no fairway  bunkers but trees flanking both sides, especially the
right. Although played  off  an elevated tee, the  second shot will  once
again be uphill to a tiny  25-yard  green. Sand comes into  play around the
putting surface, with a deep trap left and two right. Back to front is the
slope of the green, so stay below  the  hole for  any shot  at birdie.  Ken
Venturi  made mincemeat of the fourth en route to his 1964 U.S. Open title
with three birdies in four rounds.

From  an  elevated tee,  the fifth  doglegs sharply  to the  left. At just 407
yards,  this  is a definite birdie  hole, but it must be played strategically.
Three  or fairway  metal off  the tee  is all  that is  needed to  dissect the
sloping  fairway that  boasts three bunkers on the left. Miss the fairway left
and  you'll end up in trees. Drive through the fairway and you'll have no shot
at  holding the  green. Ideally, a short  iron remains to a green guarded by a
long  bunker left,  a pot  bunker  back and  a deep  bunker, front-right.  The
putting  surface features a ridge in the center and slopes from back to front.
A  shaved  chipping area will  collect any shot that  misses right or long, so
club  selection  will be key.

If  you're a member,  you'll play the sixth as a par five of 544 yards,
however for the 1997 U.S. Open it played as a par-four. A big drive down the
right side of the fairway is required to have any type of success.  The key
however,  is too avoid the two bunkers that span 55 yards in the  landing
zone. Next  up is deciding what to do, as your second must either avoid  the
pond fronting the green  or lay up  to a negotiable yardage. To be honest,
there is  no choice. Lay up  and leave yourself 100 yards. This takes all  the
trouble out of  play and can  set up a  real birdie chance. The deep putting
surface  can be tough,  especially with  a front-right or a back-left pin. One
of the  toughest greens on the course, the seventh is two-tiered and slopes
wickedly  from back  to front.

Playing uphill,  this par-three gem is fronted  by four  traps and  requires
pinpoint  accuracy. Long  and left  will require  a magic hat and wand to get
up and down. Jack Nicklaus made his usual Sunday  charge at  the 1995 U.S.
Senior  Open when he aced the seventh. One of only two par fours under 400
yards, the eighth is thought of as a birdie hole, but  if you're not  careful,
it can result in bogey.

The defense of the eighth is  that the hole plays as a dogleg to the right
with bunkers and trees on the right  and  a small, well-guarded  green. A
fairway metal  or long iron is all that is needed to attack the hole off the
tee. From there, just a little wedge is  left to  a putting surface that
slopes from back to front with five traps around  the green.  The key to
success  is the tee shot, because missing right will  lead to  trouble.

The final hole on  the outward nine is one of the most demanding  par fives
around.  It's a  roller-coaster of  a hole  that requires pinpoint  accuracy.
First  of  all, length.  The ninth  is  a 602-yard  beast. Second,  your drive
plays down into a valley  of a fairway with a pair of 20- yard traps flanking
each  side of the landing area. Next, your lay-up must be towards  the  right
side of  the fairway to avoid  being blocked by tall trees that  overlook  the
fairway. By  the way,  going for the  green in two is sure suicide,  as  a
deep  ravine in  front of  the green  features thick rough and leaves  a
blind,  uphill third  shot. Negotiating  the putting  surface is  no bargain
either,  as it slopes  quickly from left to  right and back to front, with
numerous bunkers around. One final thought, any shot on the beginning of the
green will fall off due to the shaved area fronting the surface.

Completely redesigned by Rees Jones in 2006, the 10th, formerly the 18th, is a
much stronger par three than its predecessor. Originally played back towards
the clubhouse at 190 yards, this one-shotter now plays in the opposite
direction, with six sets of tees ranging from 109 yards to 218. Once again
over water, the green plays devilishly close to the pond, with two bunkers
deep and one, short-right. Playing downhill from the tee, precision is key, as
the putting surface is wide and undulating, but not very deep. A watery grave
will result in any shot short of the target due to the slope of the green, so
choose your club wisely, take a deep breath, and let it go.

Most  of  the talk around Congressional  has 18 as the signature hole, however
the second hole on the  back nine has  to be considered  as one of the best
holes on the course. Played as a par four for championship events, the 11th is
regularly  played as a three-shotter for us mere mortals. From an elevated tee
box,  the golfer needs  to play for the left side of the fairway, as the slope
in  the landing  area goes to the  left. Two bunkers protect the right side of
the fairway while trees and a steep slope guard the left. Let's not forget the
stream  that runs the entire length of the right side to the green ending at a
pond  to the right  of the surface. No doubt a long iron is left, maybe even a
fairway  metal to this 34-yard deep green. Laying up is no bargain either with
three  traps left of the narrow landing zone. My advice, play it as a par-five
and  take your par and move on.

Although the 12th is a severe dogleg left of a par four,  it most definitely
can be had. That being said, the key is the tee shot,  which must  be played
from right  to left off the elevated ground, thus avoiding  the trees guarding
the left side and the 40-yard bunker on the right corner. A short iron will
remain to one of the largest greens on the course. A back-right  or  front-
left pin could be  difficult, but play below the hole to give  yourself the
best  shot at birdie.

The first par three on the back nine, the  13th features a  narrow entry to
the front of the green, and although not that deep, the putting surface is
quite wide. Three enormous traps protect the front-left and right of the
green, while the putting surface is two-tiered and slopes  quickly to the
front. A back-right or back-left pin could prove costly if  you err  in club

There is  no let up when you reach the 14th, a brute  of a par four. Another
elevated tee box allows the player to see what's in  store.  With that  in
mind, pull  out the big  dog and  let it rip. Out of bounds left and deep
rough and trees will make you think twice about accuracy. Your second shot
will be played uphill to a smallish, two-tiered green guarded by  three deep
bunkers left and one right. Make sure you take an extra club or two when
hitting your second shot or you'll end up short and your shot might come
back down the fairway.

From no fairway traps on the 14th to a quartet on the  15th,  that's what
awaits  you on the tee  box. What makes matters worse, missing  left will
result in  deep  rough, giving  you virtually  no shot  at reaching  the
uphill green. This hole  was so difficult in 1964 that champion Ken  Venturi
made bogey  here  three  times.  The  putting surface  is  quite difficult
with a ridge in the middle and it slopes from back to front and left to right.
Also, three finger bunkers guard the right-front of the green while one trap
deep  catches the long play.  If the flag is back-right, don't fight it, just
take your medicine and move on.

The final par five on the course, the 16th  is reachable,  but in the real
world this is definitely a three-shotter. After  the tee shot,  the hole plays
uphill all the way to the green. The hole bends  to the  left after the tee
ball and your opening shot must dissect the pair  of traps right  and left.
Your lay-up must avoid the quartet of traps on the  right  side, so leave
yourself 100 yards  for your third. Remember, it's uphill, so take an extra
club or you'll fall short of your target. The putting surface  is quite small
with a 30-yard trap protecting the left side. Although the view of the
Presbyterian Church in the foreground is appealing (Founded in 1874),  do not
miss  long, as the green will not allow you to get up and down.

Another  great  hole, the 17th  requires some thought  on the tee. The fairway
runs  out from  the back tee at 295  yards, so for you big blasters, you might
want  to  take three-metal,  as a shot  played too far  might leave a downhill
second  out  of thick  rough. A mid  to short  iron will remain  to one of the
slickest  greens  on the  course. Five  traps surround  a putting surface that
slopes  from  back to front. Not  used in the 1964  Open and the 1976 PGA, the
17th was back in play for the 1995 Senior Open and the 1997 Open.

If there was one  shot Tom  Lehman would like to have  back, it has to be his
second at the 18th that he deposited in the water (played as the 17th for that
event). The Blue Course's signature hole is, in a word,  awesome. The
scorecard says 466 yards,  but for the 1997 U.S. Open, it played  at 480
yards.  The elevated tee shot must be played with a slight draw to  catch  the
slope. Anything  missed right or left  will result in trees and deep rough.
The real test comes with the second shot, as water surrounds three sides of
the green, not to mention four traps to the right of the surface. The problem
here is that  your approach is played off a downhill lie, so choosing the
correct club  and committing to the  shot is of utmost importance. With a
ridge  in the center  of the green and the shaved slope on the left, the smart
play  is  right-center and two-putt  for par. Cute will  get you wet. What a
dramatic finish!

FINAL  WORD: Over the  years, some of the greatest architects of our time have
converted  Congressional into one of the premier courses in the country. There
is  a  reason why it has  been ranked in the  top-100 for so many years.

Let's begin  with the  intangibles, such as the history of the course.
Congressional has  hosted  U.S. Opens,  the PGA  Championship and a  Senior
Open, along with being  a Tour  stop for many years.  The membership can't get
much better than the  Presidents  of the  United  States. Speaking of
membership, you'll have to pony up well over $100,000 to join, not to mention
be patient, as the waiting list is around a dozen years.

You'll be hard pressed to find a clubhouse with more charm and ambience than
Congressional. But, let's not forget about the course. The practice facility
is outstanding and the course, well, top notch.

When Rees  Jones came in the  early 1990s, he rebuilt every green,  lowering
17  of them, changing many  of the contours to make them more receptive. Jones
also elevated many of the tees and re-graded the fairways to take  out many of
the blind  looks the  course had.  With the changes, Jones brought strategy
back into focus for all shots, not just the tee ball. "I want the golfer  to
stand on the  tee and think about  how he's going to play it," said Jones. The
changes were needed, but they did not damage the integrity of the course. Even
his work on the new 10th, has made the venue more complete.

Congressional  Blue has been crafted into a phenomenal layout. It comes  as no
surprise  that the USGA will come back in 2011 for the U.S. Open. "It will be
interesting to see how the Open is set up when it comes back here," Woods
added. "It is longer now, very demanding and there is really no rest hole out
here. That's why the USGA loves coming here, because you are tested on every
factor of the game." Talk about a course that has gotten better with age, the
Blue at Congressional is quite presidential.