Architects: Willie Dunn, Maturin Ballou (1890), George and Tom Fazio (1977),
            Gil Hanse (2001)
Year Opened: 1890
Location: Rye, New York
Slope: 138. Rating: 75.3
Par: 72
Yardage: 6,547
Hole-by-Hole: 1 - Par 4 372 Yds    10 - Par 5 528 Yds
                      2 - Par 4 345 Yds    11 - Par 4 362 Yds
                      3 - Par 4 347 Yds    12 - Par 3 207 Yds
                      4 - Par 4 326 Yds    13 - Par 4 356 Yds
                      5 - Par 3 143 Yds    14 - Par 4 446 Yds
                      6 - Par 4 333 Yds    15 - Par 4 412 Yds
                      7 - Par 4 409 Yds    16 - Par 3 186 Yds
                      8 - Par 4 362 Yds    17 - Par 5 501 Yds
                      9 - Par 5 586 Yds    18 - Par 4 326 Yds
                      Par 36  3,223 Yds     Par 36  3,324 Yds

Events Held: U.S. Amateur Championship (1911),
             U.S. Girls' Junior Championship (1970),
             Curtis Cup (1978),
             USGA Women's Senior Amateur Championship (2005).

Awards Won: One of the top-100 clubs established in the U.S.


HISTORY:  The history  of golf in the  United States runs deep and it includes
The  Apawamis Club. Dating back to 1890, Apawamis is among the oldest 100 golf
courses  in  America. Crafted by  Willie Dunn, Jr.  and the club's Chairman of
Golf,  Maturin Ballou, Apawamis is virtually identical to its original design.
So few changes have been made over the years, that when Gil Hanse came in 2001
to  bring the course up to standards, many thought it was a restoration than a
reconstruction. The original clubhouse was built in 1899 to accommodate almost
500  members.  The design  was  quite  basic, but  complete  with  all of  the
amenities.  In February of 1907 however, a fire destroyed virtually the entire
structure,  except the  front of the building. Not to be deterred, the members
were able to pony up enough money to have a new facility open just nine months
later.  The cornerstone  included  an  authentic peace  pipe  of the  Apawamis
Indians,  a goose quill pen, and an oyster, the three symbols that make up the
Club's crest.

Not  only was golf  a big part of Apawamis, but squash and tennis were equally
as  important.  1904 saw the  first squash  house constructed with two courts,
believed to be one of just three sites in the country at that time. Tennis has
been  very  popular in  the area as  well dating  back to 1902  when a pair of
courts were built.

Two of the most recognizable people from Apawamis were golf Hall-of-Famer Gene
Sarazen  and  television personality Ed  Sullivan. Both began their careers as
caddies  at  Apawamis, as Sarazen was  born in nearby Harrison and Sullivan in
Port  Chester, walking  distance from the club. Apawamis had over 100 caddies,
each  given a  number, with Sullivan 98 and Sarazen 99. According to Sarazen's
book,  Thirty  Years of  Championship Golf, the  caddies went out numerically,
with  numbers  one and two  getting the first action  and so on. Caddie master
George  Hughes had  a favorite  and it  was Sullivan,  who received  plenty of
action.  Sarazen was  not as  fortunate, despite  being a  good caddie  and of
course,  needing  the money.  Sarazen and the  other non-favored caddies would
make  extra money by selling lost golf balls back to the members. Hughes was a
tough  cookie  and he would  frisk the caddies to  see if they were concealing
balls  in their clothes.  To get by, the caddies would bury the balls they had
found and retrieve them later after Hughes had left for the night. The pond on
the  14th  was a  breading ground from  lost balls, so  Hughes erected a sign,
"Beware  of Snapping  Turtles  and  Water Moccasins,"  trying  to detract  the
caddies  from scouring the pond. Although the sign, according to Sarazen, "was
very  pretty and well-lettered with no mistakes," it certainly failed to scare
them  off,  as  the  pond  contained neither  turtles  nor  snakes.  Sarazen's
determination  proved remarkable, both as a caddie and a golf professional, as
he  became a favorite among the members and one of the greatest players of all
time. During the club's 50th anniversary, Sullivan wrote a recollection of his
caddie  days. "Of the fifty years that Apawamis is celebrating this year, I go
back as far as 1911 - so I feel that I've traveled quite a good portion of the
way  because 1911 to 1940 is twenty-nine years, unless my arithmetic is as bad
as my putting."

Women  have had  a definite influence on Apawamis and none more important than
Mrs.  Allison "Sis"  Choate. One of the  best amateurs of her time, Choate won
the  Women's Club Championship at Apawamis an astonishing 22 times, covering a
span of 50 years. In fact, during the years 1938-54, she captured 14 of the 17
titles.   Choate,   who  captured   the  1963   USGA  Senior  Women's  Amateur
Championship,  served  on the USGA's women's  committee and was captain of the
1974  U.S. Curtis  Cup squad.  Choate, along  with fellow  member Jean  Ashley
Crawford,  were  instrumental in  getting Apawamis  to host  the Curtis Cup in
1978.  Along with her husband Allison, Sis lived alongside the 18th hole until
her death in 1988.

The   Apawamis  Club   has  hosted   four  United   States  Golf   Association
championships.  The  first was the  1911 U.S.  Amateur won by two-time British
Open  champion  Harold Hilton.  Medalist of  186 entries with  a score of 150,
Hilton  needed  37 holes to  defeat Fred Herreshoff  in the final. Cruising in
the  36-hole  championship match,  Hilton led  by six  after 22 holes, however
Herreshoff  evened the match after 34 holes. Hilton's legendary second shot on
the  first extra hole caught a slope and rolled on the green, as he two-putted
for  par  and the win. The  opening hole at Apawamis  is named in honor of the
1911 U.S. Amateur champion, "Hilton's Rock."

Fifty-nine  years  later, the  USGA returned  to Apawamis  for the U.S. Girls'
Junior  Championship.  With only 85  players entered, Hollis Stacy became only
the second player to win back-to-back titles in this event, as she edged Janet
Aulisi, 1-up. An 18-time winner on the LPGA Tour, including three U.S. Women's
Opens,  Stacy became  the winningest player in Girls' Junior history, when she
titled the following year in her home state of Georgia.

The Curtis Cup made its second and last appearance in the state of New York at
Apawamis  in 1978, as Beth Daniel led the United States to a 12-6 victory. The
LPGA  Tour Hall-of-Famer, who  totaled 33 wins in her career, posted a pair of
singles  victories, as  the United  States won  its 10th  straight Curtis  Cup
match. Daniel, 7-1 in Curtis Cup play, was a perfect 4-0 in singles in her two
appearances in Curtis Cup action (1976, 78).

When the 2005 USGA Senior Women's Amateur Championship came to Apawamis, four-
time champion Carol Semple Thompson and defending champ Carolyn Creekmore were
the  leading  candidates to capture the  event. Thompson, who was competing in
her  record 102nd USGA championship and looking for her eighth title, finished
the  stroke-play portion  as the  medalist, at  seven-over-par with  rounds of
72-79.  She  advanced to the finals  with a hard-fought, 1-up win over Cecilia
Mourgue D'Algue of France. In the lower half of the bracket, Creekmore reached
the quarterfinals, but was defeated by Diane Lang of Florida, who finished one
shot  behind Thompson  in stroke  play. Lang  continued her  hot play,  as she
cruised  into the  finals with  an 8  & 6  thrashing of  Annette Gaiotti.  The
championship  match was a see-saw affair, as Lang, who birdied the first hole,
increased  her  advantage to 2-up  after four. Back-to-back bogies however had
the  match  back to  even after  the sixth. Thompson  took advantage of Lang's
mistakes  and jumped to  a 2-up lead after the opening nine. With a par on the
10th, Lang closed to within one and drew all square with a birdie on the 14th.
Playing  in  just her second USGA  event, Lang parred  the next to take a 1-up
lead with just three to play. After halving the 16th, Thompson again drew even
with a birdie on the 17th, as she drained a 22-foot putt. Lang, playing before
Thompson,  had a  chance to win the  event on the second-to-last hole, but her
eagle  try  was well short  and her  birdie try missed  its mark. On the final
hole,  Thompson, playing from the rough, hit her second shot on the green, but
some  70 feet  from the hole, while  Lang placed her second just 12 feet away.
Thompson's  first putt was well short and her next slid past the left edge for
bogey. Lang followed with a routine two-putt for the championship.

REVIEW: The one thing that you'll learn through your round at Apawamis is that
the  brain is  needed more than brawn.  Just 6,547 yards in length, the course
features many par fours, nine to be exact, under 400 yards and greens under 30
yards in depth.

You  certainly don't have long to wait for either of these characteristics, as
the  first hole  is a straightaway, 372-yard  par four. Driver can be used off
the tee, as you favor the left side of the fairway due to thick trees down the
entire  right side. This  will leave a short wedge approach to an uphill green
that  slopes from back  to front. The putting surface, just 26 yards in depth,
is trapped heavily on the right, while a large slope leading to the second tee
is  on the  left. A familiar tune  at Apawamis, leave your shot into the green
below the hole, thus avoiding slick, downhill putts.

Accuracy rules supreme on the next few holes at Apawamis. The second, just 345
yards  from the tips,  requires a fairway metal or long iron off the tee. Tall
trees  run down the  left side of the r-shaped fairway, so right-center is the
play.  This will  set up a short  iron approach to an uphill, two-tiered green
that's  just  23 yards  in depth,  but quite  wide. A  front-left pin could be
tricky, as a small bunker could capture a slightly pulled approach.

The  third is  equally as demanding, playing  uphill to the top of the fairway
and  then downhill to the green. Missing the fairway on either side will spell
disaster  due to the  flanking trees. The prudent play is another long iron or
fairway  metal,  which will  leave a  blind shot  of 100  yards to the putting
surface.  A bold  blast from  the tee  must split  the tree  line, but  can be
rewarded  if  it lands  in a  20-yard strip  of fairway  just above the green.
Getting  back  to reality,  your second  shot must be  precise, as the putting
surface is only 19 yards in depth, with three traps strategically place, left,
right and back.

Once  again,  your tee shot  is the key on  the short, signature hole, fourth.
With  trees looming large on both sides of the fairway, the use of a long iron
or  fairway  metal from the  tee will  leave just a  short pitch to the green.
Which  brings us to  why this is the featured hole at Apawamis. Sand, sand and
more  sand. Fifteen bunkers in all dot the front and side of the green. Called
"Eleanor's  Teeth,"  the bunkers protect  the four-tiered putting surface that
narrows toward the back.

The  first  par three on  the course,  the fifth, is  also the shortest at 143
yards.  Club selection is very important here, as any shot that comes up short
or  long will spell bogey. The putting surface is 28 yards in depth and slopes
from  right to left  and back to front with numerous traps in front and on the
sides, not to mention a boomerang bunker in the rear. Any shot off target will
produce a difficult up-and-down.

Short  and  narrow is the call  on the sixth, a  par four of just 333 yards in
length.  A successful hybrid  or iron off the tee will leave a slightly uphill
second  to a  tight green, protected smartly by eight traps around the putting
surface.  Fairway is key from the start, as trees guard the left and a 20-yard
trap  in the  landing area protects the right. This hole exemplifies the rocky
and hilly terrain at Apawamis.

The  seventh is certainly an attention grabber. Not only is it the longest par
four  on  the front side,  but it's  also the number  one handicap hole on the
course.  This awkward  dogleg left, despite its length, necessitates only a 3-
wood  from  the tee, as  the fairway bends sharply  and narrows at the landing
area. A tee ball through the fairway will leave a tree-blocked second, as will
a  pulled shot left. Your approach, with a mid-iron, must dissect the trees on
both  sides of the  fairway. The putting surface is fairly flat with a pair of
bunkers  well short of the green on either side. Making birdie is like finding
a brand-new Pro V1x in the rough.

Although  rated one of  the easier holes on the course, the dogleg left eighth
can  be quite a handful. First of all, club selection off the tee is critical.
Driver  can  be used to negate  the large mound  in the center of the fairway,
thus  leaving a clear  view of the green. The other options are a long iron or
fairway  metal  short of the hill.  The problem with  the big stick is that it
brings  three  traps down the right  side of the  landing area into play and a
possible downhill approach to the green, whereas a shorter tee shot will avoid
those  obstacles, unless of course you miss left and then find the tall trees.
The  putting  surface, just 23  yards in depth, slopes  from back to front and
right  to left, so  below the hole will be your best shot at birdie. One final
note:  do  not miss  left, as  a deep  bunker green-high  will be difficult to

The  closing hole on  the outward nine is the first of back-to-back par fives,
not  to mention the  longest hole on the course. This is a three-shot hole, as
trees  and out-of-bounds protect the entire right side and a pair of cleverly-
positioned bunkers guard the left landing area off the tee and on your second.
Although  missing right  will result  in  out-of-bounds, your  ball will  most
likely  still be  on a  golf course.  Unfortunately, it  will be  Willow Ridge
Country  Club, which resides in between Apawamis and famed Westchester Country
Club. The putting surface, with a pair of bunkers right, is the largest on the
course  at 30 yards in depth and slopes from left to right. This is not a hole
to be disappointed in with making par.

In  contrast  to the ninth, the  10th is a reachable  par five of 528 yards in
length.  That being said,  there are plenty of obstacles to avoid. A big drive
will leave a little over 210 yards to the hole, however the fairway pinches in
towards  the  end of  the landing  area and trees  and out-of-bounds guard the
right. Options remain for your second -- either go for it or lay up. Trying to
reach the green with your next shot is a two-fold problem: first, clearing the
trio  of traps that  lay 60 yards short of the green and second, staying clear
of  the hanging trees  and OB right. Laying up is no simple chore either, as a
small  pond is situated just 100 yards or so from glory on the left. This hole
can be had, but the key is the tee ball.

Another demanding short par four, the 11th features a creek down the left side
and in front, trees and OB right, sand to the right of the green and a pond to
the left of the putting surface. In a nutshell, hit it straight. Fairway metal
off the tee must travel at least 220 yards to leave a clear look to the green,
as  a 100-yard  long mound protrudes on  the right. At just 25 yards long, the
green  is  a tough  target to hit,  as the  pond runs right  up to the putting
surface  and the  trap right is 15  yards long. Bailout is long, but that will
leave a difficult pitch to a green running towards the water.

One  of this  writer's favorite holes at  Apawamis, the 12th is the longest of
the  trio  of par  threes. Stretching 207  yards from the  back tees, the hole
plays  uphill  through the green  which is 27 yards  in length. With the extra
elevation,  the hole  plays at  least one  club longer.  Any shot  that misses
short-right will result in a very difficult, uphill, blind bunker shot. Making
par here could be the highlight of your round.

Next  up  is the dogleg right,  par four 13th. Just  356 yards, a long iron or
fairway metal will set up a simple wedge to a difficult green. The key off the
tee  is  avoiding the  bunker down the  right side of  the landing area. Water
fronts the two-tiered putting surface, making a front-right pin position quite

The  longest par  four on the course, the  14th is a dandy, not to mention the
second-hardest  hole at  Apawamis.  The  elevated tee  shot  shows the  player
exactly  what's  needed: a  long, straight drive  center-cut. Trees flank both
sides  of the bunkerless fairway, making your mission difficult. A mid-to-long
iron will remain to a slightly downhill putting surface. A little creek, 50-60
yards  short  of the green, can  come into play  if your opening shot fails to
find  the fairway. The  putting surface is slick and slopes from back to front
with a bunker on either side.

A  decision  must be made  on the 15th tee,  driver or three-wood. The problem
with  driver is the  fairway, although wider than most, runs out at 265 yards,
which means three-wood will leave a longer second shot. Your second shot, with
a  mid to  long iron,  is slightly  downhill to  a very  difficult, two-tiered
green. A back-right flag is quite challenging, due mainly to the pair of traps
that  guard the green.  Don't be misled, missing this green left is no bargain
either, as the deepest trap on the course flanks that side.

Featuring one of the smallest greens on the course, the 16th is an outstanding
par  three of 186  yards. Playing uphill, a long iron will be required to gain
entrance  to the putting surface, which is protected sternly on the right with
three  traps and  a pot bunker, front-left. The green slopes quickly from back
to front, so if you're going to err, short would be the correct miss.

Matches  could be won and lost on the reachable par-five 17th. Just 501 yards,
this  hole must  be played strategically, as  OB looms right and sand left off
the  tee. A  successful big drive can  leave a 200-225-yard, blind shot to the
downhill green. A layup for your second must be played to the top of the hill,
thus  leaving just a 100-yard pitch to the green. The putting surface is quite
accessible  with  two  bunkers  right  and one  left.  Birdie  is  a  definite
possibility, and par is no problem.

Not  the longest or most difficult of closing holes, the 18th still presents a
firm  finish. A directional stone and marker guide your blind tee shot on this
326-yard  par four. With  OB right and a pair of traps on the left side of the
fairway,  the play  would be a fairway metal, which will leave a 100-110-yard,
uphill  shot to a trap-surrounded green. Nine bunkers circle the entire green,
the  second-longest  on the course, which  features a raised front, a swale in
the  middle and a  raised, back section. Most will find this hole to be one of
the hardest holes.

FINAL  WORD:  When the so-called  experts talk about  the great courses in the
metropolitan  New York area, Winged Foot, Quaker Ridge and Westchester come to
mind.  Let's  not leave out The  Apawamis Club. Ben Hogan called Apawamis "the
toughest  short course I  have ever played," and the course will test even the
best of players. This is a kind of venue that requires every club in your bag.
Not  so  much the  big dog,  but three-wood to  three-iron off  the tee and an
accurate  wedge game.  Don't forget the flat stick. The greens at Apawamis are
slick  and undulating  and require a precise  touch. A course that you need to
play  on numerous  occasions  to understand  the nuances  of  the layout.  The
clubhouse  is historic  and inviting. The lone drawback, the driving range, is
shared  with the  first fairway, but if  it is a slight, it's minimal at best.
The  staff  is quite accommodating  and friendly, which goes  a long way in my
book.  The  bottom  line: The  Apawamis  Club  is  a  gem and  should  not  be
overlooked. I just hope I get the chance for a second visit.